Frequently asked questions
- Vegetable oil is an organic compound derived from seeds or other parts of plants in whose tissues it gathers, as a source of energy. Some of these are not fit for human consumption and others are used in the bio-fuel industry and in the pharmaceutical industry.
- There are many plant species that can produce oils or fats. The farming productivity (tRFF / ha) and the oil productivity (oil liters / ha) of some oleaginous plants are listed below.
Castor-oil plant: farm productivity 0.6 – 2.5 t/ha; oil productivity 620-1,200 Liters/ha; oil 42% to 45%
Oil Palm: farm productivity 0.6 to 2.5 t/ha; oil productivity 620 to 1,200 Liters/ha; oil 42% to 45%
Jatropha: farm productivity 1.0 to 5.0 t/ha; oil productivity 950 to 1,680 Liters/ha; oil 24% to 26%
Tobacco: farm productivity 5.7 t/ha; oil productivity 1,770 to 1,870 Liters/ha; oil 39% to 41%
Soy: farm productivity 1.5 to 3.0 t/ha; oil productivity 350 to 520 Liters/ha; oil 17% to 19%
Colza/Canola: farm productivity 1.7 to 3.0 t/ha; oil productivity 690 to 1,100 Liters/ha; oil 37% to 46%
It is important to bear in mind that these productivity figures represent a range of values in which the lowest numbers or average numbers are closest to the actual situation and the highest numbers represent maximum upper limits. The specific productivity values for a given location, if available, must prevail over the values indicated above as they take into account different local production conditions as well as type of soil and weather conditions.
- High grain / oil potential yield (> 1,500 kg/ha for oil)
Precocious nature, adaptability, and longevity
Perennial culture, annual renovation is not required
Compatible with family farming methods (labor, diversification)
Excellent quality oil
- African Palm: Elaeis guineensis, a tropical plant from Western Africa. Thanks to its properties and high productivity, it has an infinite number of uses in the food industry as well as in biofuel production.
Castor Oil Plant: Ricinus communis, this plant boasts 40% to 50 % oil that contains 70% to 77% ricinoleic acid triglycerides. Its seeds are toxic but its oil is not.
Jatropha: Jatropha Curcas, this plant belongs to the Euphorbiaceae family and it has medicinal properties. It is native to Central America. Its seeds contain a non-edible oil suitable for biofuel production.
Sacha Inchi: Plukenetia Volubilis L, a perennial bush native to Peru. It has the highest content of fatty acids essential to the human diet and is mainly used for that purpose.
Energetic Tobacco: Nicotiana tabacum L, this tobacco has a high oil content free of nicotine.
- Thanks to its physical composition, palm oil can be used in diverse preparations without requiring hydrogenation.
Currently, it is the second most consumed oil worldwide and it is used for cooking and to prepare bakery and pastry products, candy, ice cream, instant soups, sauces, and various frozen and dehydrated meals, as well as non-dairy coffee creams.
Also, palm oil and palm kernel oil are especially used in manufacturing oil chemical products, such as fatty acids, fatty esters, fatty alcohols, fatty nitrogen compounds and glycerol, all essential elements in the production of bars of soap, detergents, paint lubricants, varnish, glue, and ink.
Recently, its use as a biofuel has gained strength.